Development of Cultism in Secondary Schools in Rivers State (1999-2018): It’s Implications for Educational Development


  • T. L. Jumbo Department of Educational Foundation, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt
  • E. N. Emeodu Department of Sociology, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt
  • R. C. Chukwu Department of Educational Foundation, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt


Educational, Secondary, Schools, Rivers, students


The development of cultism in secondary schools in Rivers State had severe negative implications on the educational development of students across the State.  Series of measures were undertaken to curtail the proliferation of cultism among secondary school students. However, cultism has proliferated unabated like wide fire in secondary schools in Rivers State. It is against this backdrop that this study was undertaken to examine the development of cultism in secondary schools and its implications on educational development in Rivers State. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study. Data were gathered through secondary sources such as textbooks, journals, Government publications, newspapers, and student’s publications such as dissertations and thesis. The secondary data collected were subjected to content analysis. The study established that illegal collection of levies by the youth, intake of hard drugs by the students, lack of basic needs such as food, shelter, negative influence from the peer group, and teachers’ negative attitude towards their students led to the proliferation of cultism among students in secondary schools in Rivers State. The study also established that the proliferation of cultism has sever negative impact on educational system in Rivers State. It is disastrous to the society in general.   Based on the above findings the study recommended among other things that the government should design poverty alleviation strategies for students such as bursary and scholarship awards. This will enable poverty-stricken students to take care of their immediate personal needs.


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How to Cite

Jumbo, T. L., Emeodu, E. N., & Chukwu, R. C. (2021). Development of Cultism in Secondary Schools in Rivers State (1999-2018): It’s Implications for Educational Development. International Journal of Culture and Modernity, 7, 21–35. Retrieved from