The Problem of Vesico – Virginal Fistula (VVF) Disorder in Nigeria: The traumatic and post traumatic stressful consequences of VVF
Many mothers needlessly die each year due to complications of pregnancy and childbirth. The material mortality ration in the developing world ranges from 500 to 1,000 deaths per 100,000 live births. For each mother who dies, there are an estimated 16 to 30 women who suffer from other non lethal complications, vesico – virginal fistula (VVF) is the most tragic. Vesico – Virginal Fistula (VVF) is still a debilitating condition for women not only in developing countries but for women in all parts of the world. VVF represents a significant morbidity in female virology. The entity is one among the most distressing complications of gynecologic and obstetric procedures. Major complications associated with vesico – virginal fistula (VVF) disorder comprise initiative lower urinary trait symptoms, ureteric obstruction, and vaginal stenosis and reduced bladder capacity. This paper makes a bold attempt to investigate the traumatic and post – traumatic stress consequences of vesico – virginal fistula (VVF) several research studies have examined the psycho – emotional profile of the patients of vesico-vaginal fistula and some of these emotional reactions include depression, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety disorders, grief, to mention a few.
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