International Journal of Culture and Modernity Academic Journal Publishing en-US International Journal of Culture and Modernity 2697-2131 Analysіs of Semantіc and Pragmatіc Aspects of Comparatіve Translatіon Studіes <p>Іnаdequаcy іn trаnslаtіоn results frоm the trаnslаtоrs’ fаіlure tо lоcаte the necessаry cоrrespоndіng cоllоcаtіоn іn the TL. Аs а result, trаnslаtоrs tend tо use specіfіc wаys tо sоlve the dіffіculty оf оbtаіnіng relevаnt equіvаlency. The purpоse оf thіs reseаrch іs tо dіscоver wаys fоr trаnslаtіng relіgіоus phrаses аnd expressіоns frоm Uzbek іntо Englіsh bаsed оn the Uzbek nоvel.</p> Djalolov Zafarjon Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 28 1 4 The Emergence of the Concept of Contrastive Analysis in Linguistics and the Views of Linguists on this Concept <p>The article briefly describes when and how the concept of contrastive analysis appeared, and the views of some linguists who played an important role in the emergence and development of this analysis and the ways of life and contrastive analysis.</p> Hasanova Zumrad Tulqinjon kizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 28 5 8 Semantic Field of Toponyms in Uzbekistan <p>This article describes the semantic field and importance of toponyms in Uzbekistan. In addition, information about their types and examples are given.</p> Oblokulova Mastura Mizrobovna Raximova Farangiz Abduvaliyevna Ochilova Aziza Sobirjon qizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-04 2023-05-04 28 9 14 Improving the Heat Preservation Properties of the Exterior Walls of Brick Buildings <p>Brick walls have a large thermal inertia: they heat up slowly and cool down slowly, so the greater the thickness of the wall, the greater the thermal inertia. In houses with brick walls, the internal temperature of the room changes little during the day, which is an advantage of brick walls.</p> Tulakov Elmurad Salomovich Sirojiddinov Uktam Samariddinovich Matyokubov Bobur Pulatovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-10 2023-05-10 28 15 20 Words Recently Coined and Blended: Analysis of New English Lexical Items <p>Hundreds of new lexical items are coined or borrowed every year. The focus of the thesis is on analysing lexical enrichment of English as it is reflected in newly derived, compounded and blended words. A number of them has been added into the Oxford Dictionary (</p> Obidova Shahlo Shuhratjon kizi Ganieva Dildora Azizovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-10 2023-05-10 28 21 24 Theory of Onomastics and its Study in World Linguistics <p>In this article, we analyze THEORY OF ONOMASTICS AND ITS STUDY IN WORLD LINGUISTICS.</p> Mirzayeva Dilshoda Ikromjonovna Jo'rayeva Shaxnoza Soxibjon kizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-09 2023-05-09 28 25 28 History of Research on Text Linguistics <p>The science of linguistics has made great progress so far. This situation is clearly visible in the interpretation of problems related to each of the phonological, morphological, and syntactic levels of the language.</p> Rahimov Zokir Azimovich Mirzayeva Dilshoda Ikromjonovna Abduolimov Urinboy Xudoberdiyevich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-09 2023-05-09 28 29 31 Modern Pedagogical Educational Technologies in the Organization of English Language Classes <p>The article reveals psycholinguistic issues concerning learning Foreign Language by students. In particular, the need for differentiated and integrated approach to learning, as well as considering individual cognitive learning style of a student.</p> Akbarova Odinaxon Urinboyevna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-15 2023-05-15 28 32 34 Future of Food <p>As the human population increases, the average income rises, standards of living are changing, and our environment is increasingly strained, the demand for food will continue to grow. By some estimates, there will likely be two billion more people to feed by 2050. The foods we eat are always evolving and new tastes are being created. The future of food is at stake. Business-as-usual is no longer an option. Something has to change. This paper predicts the changes that will take place and affect the future of food. It explores the major drivers affecting the food system between now and 2050.</p> Matthew N. O. Sadiku Uwakwe C. Chukwu Janet O. Sadiku Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 28 35 43 Ancient State in Central Asia - Some Toughts about the History of the Kangju State <p>This article provides information about the creation of the Kangju state, the origin of the Kangar, public life, public administration and administrative territory, and also analyzes the opinions of available sources.</p> Ogabek Jumanov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 28 44 46 Innovative Architectural Solutions for the Establishment of Women's Support Centers in Samarkand <p>This article explores innovative architectural solutions for establishing women's support centers in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. The author highlights the importance of creating multi-functional spaces that provide privacy and comfort for women, incorporating sustainable architecture, ensuring accessibility for all women, designing aesthetically pleasing centers that reflect the city's cultural heritage, and utilizing technology to enhance services. By implementing these solutions, the author argues that women's support centers can be established in Samarkand, promoting women's empowerment and well-being. This article is insightful and informative, providing valuable ideas for architects and designers working on women's support centers in Samarkand and other similar contexts.</p> Kayumov H. I Hayitmuradova Sofia Bakhodir's Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-23 2023-05-23 28 47 50 Leveraging Foreign Experiences for Economic and Business Development in Uzbekistan <p>This article explores the relevance of studying foreign experiences in economic and business development for Uzbekistan. It highlights the potential benefits of drawing insights from successful strategies, best practices, and lessons learned from other countries. The article emphasizes the importance of fostering innovation, enhancing trade and market access, and promoting sustainable development in Uzbekistan's economic transformation. By leveraging foreign experiences, Uzbekistan can accelerate its growth, attract investments, and create a competitive business environment.</p> Kalkhorazova Feruza Muratbaevna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 28 51 54 The Concept of Family and the System of Social Relations in the Family <p>This article covers the concept of family and the system of social relations in the family, the situations observed in young families, the formation of a healthy family culture, the historical development of the family.</p> Rakhimova Raykhan Abdurasulovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 28 55 58 The Expression of Politeness in the Theories of Leach and Grays <p>This article discusses politeness in English. The Leech theory is mentioned. Two directions of Leech's theory are highlighted and explained. For example, the concept of criteria, the concept of pragmatics is one of them. This was explained by Leech's theory through the speaker and the listener.</p> Usmanova Guljahon Ulugbek kizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 28 59 60 Family and Marriage Relations in the Uzbek and Belarusian People in the Middle of the 19th - Early 20th Century <p>This article describes the history, traditions, customs and values of the family and marriage relations formed after the abolition of serfdom. Also, the article reveals the structure of extended families, its traditions and rules, as well as the role and rights of men and women in the family in Belarus in the middle of the 19th century.</p> Atakhanov Bakhtiyar Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-26 2023-05-26 28 61 66 Development of Supply Chains in Small Business <p>this article describes the current issues of development of supply chains in small business, the main components of supply chains are purchase (product source), warehouse, transport, production and sales links, and their functions.</p> Abduvahobov B. B. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-26 2023-05-26 28 67 71