Full Lenght Article
An Analysis of Speech Act Found in Bernie Sander’s Speech: A Pragmatics Case

Under a Creative Commons license
Open Access


Speech Act is the utterance that used by speaker in his communication that used to convey meaning from speaker to the listener that essential in communication. Speech act consist of three types, those are Locutionary Act, Illocutionary act and Perlocutionary Act. The researchers choose Bernie Sander’s speech because it deems as worthy to be analyzed to find its speech act. (1) What kinds of illocutionary acts does Bernie Sander use in his speech, ask the researchers, as a result of the research problems? 2. What are the most prevalent illocutionary acts used by Bernie Sander during his speech? 2. This study was done using qualitative research and the method of document or content analysis. The researchers used script speech by Bernie Sander’s speech in his speech about staying in Presidential race to be analyzed to find its types of illocutionary act used Searle Speech Act theory, there are Assertive, Directives, Expressive, Commisive, and Declarative. The researchers found twenty-one (21) data from Bernie Sander’s speech that show the existence of types of illocutionary act. There are 4 types of illocutionary act which found in the speech, such as Assertives, Directives, Expressives, and Commisives, and only Declarative type not exist in the speech. And based on the findings of this study, it can be concluded that assertive acts account for 72% of all illocutionary acts used in speech, followed by directives with 4% and expressive with 3%. (12 percent).


Illocutionary Act
Speech Act


Conflict of Interest Statement

The author (s) declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.


1. Alshami, I. (2019). Language and linguistics. University of Misan
2. Carla, (2021). What is a Speech Act? [Online] Available at: https://carla.umn.edu/speechacts/definition.html
3. Caroline, R. T., Sitorus, U., Sinurat, B., Herman, and Silalahi, D. E. (2021). An Analysis on the Speech Act of Mark Zuckerberg in English Speeches YouTube Channel. Zien Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 1 (1), PP. 175-181. Retrieved from: http://zienjournals.com/index.php/zjssh/article/view/113
4. Creswell, J. W. (2010). Research Design: Pendekatan Kualitatif, Kuantitatif, Dan Mixed. Yogjakarta: PT Pustaka Pelajar.
5. Haucsa, G. M., Marzuki, A. G., Alek, A., &Hidayat, D. N. (2020). Illocutionary Speech Acts Analysis in Tom Cruise’s Interview. Academic Journal Perspective: Education, Language, and Literature, 8(1), 11.
6. Herman. (2015). Illocutionary Acts Analysis of Chinese in Pematangsiantar. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, Volume 4 Issue 12, PP.41-48. Retrieved from http://www.ijhssi.org/papers/v4(12)/Version-2/E0401202041048.pdf
7. Hutajulu, F. L. S. and Herman. (2019). Analysis of Illocutionary Act in the Movie “You Are My Home” English Subtitle”. Journal of English Educational Study Volume 2 Issue 1 May 2019 Page 29-36. E-ISSN: 2655-0776. Retrieved from http://jurnal.stkippersada.ac.id/jurnal/index.php/JEES/article/view/371
8. Medi, I. (2015). Taxanomy of Illocutionary Act in Obama’s Speech, State of The Union 2013 in Washington (Discourse Analysis). Makassar: English Literature Department, Adab and Humanities Faculty, State Islamic University UIN Alauddin.
9. Noumianty D. S. (2016).An Analysis of Compound Words on Culinary Terms in
masterchef U.S. Season 7 (2016). Thesis: English Language and
Literature Departement, Faculty of Letters and Humanities, State Islamic University of Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta,
10. Nurdiansyah, A. (2018) . A Study Of Illocutionary Acts In Heroes Series. English Department, Faculty of Languages and Arts, State University of Surabaya, Volume 10, p. 06.
11. Ormrod, P. D. (2015). Practical Research Planning and Design. England: Pearson Education Limited, p275.
12. Pardede, H. and Herman. (2020). A Study of Speech Act between Seller and Buyers in ‘Sinaga Shop’. Wiralodra English Journal (WEJ), Vol 4 No 1 Maret 2020, PP. 65-81. Retrieved from http://wej.unwir.ac.id/index.php/wej/article/view/87
13. Pasaribu, S., Herman, Silalahi, D. E. (2019). The Speech Acts Between Teacher and Students in Teaching and Learning Process. Multidisciplinary European Academic Journal, Issue Vol 1 No 1. Retrieved from https://www.syniutajournals.com/index.php/MEAJ/article/view/94
14. Purba, R. and Herman. (2020). Multimodal Analysis on Ertiga Car Advertisement. Wiralodra English Journal (WEJ), Vol 4 No 1 Maret 2020, PP. 21-32. Retrieved from http://wej.unwir.ac.id/index.php/wej/article/view/77
15. Rahardi, K., (2005). Pragmatik Kesatuan Imperatif Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.
16. Sihombing, P. S. R., Silalahi, D. E., Saragih, D. I., and Herman. (2021). An Analysis of Illocutionary Act in Incredible 2 Movie. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol 4, Issue 2, PP. 1772-1783.DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v4i2.1850. Retrieved from: https://bircu-journal.com/index.php/birci/article/view/1850
17. Sitanggang, A., Sinaga, H., and Herman. (2020). Illocutionary Act in Song Lyrics of Taylor Swidt’s Single ‘Love Story’. Global Scientific Journals: Vol. 8, Issue 4, April 2020 ISSN 2320-9186, PP. 316-324
18. Sugiyono, (2014). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan, Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: ALFABET,cv.
19. Thao, N. V., Herman., and Purba, R. (2020). An Illocutionary Acts Analysis on Barack Obama’s Speech. International Technologyand Science Publications (ITS), Education Journal, Vol. 3, Issue 3, Sep 2020, Pages 30-37; DOI: https://doi.org/10.31058/j.edu.2020.33003. Retrieved from http://www.itspoa.com/itsadmin/Ll/LL.DE.asp?action=Paper_Information&id=1977&at=An%20Illocutionary%20Acts%20Analysis%20on%20Barack%20Obama%E2%80%99s%20Speech&jn=Education%20Journal
20. Thao, N.V., Sinaga, M. R., and Herman. (2021). Semantic Analysis of Contextual Meaning in Dialogue of “The Ugly Duckling” Short Story. Walailak Journal of Social Science, Vol. 14 No. 2 (2021): March – April, E-ISSN: 2697-6390. Retrieved from: https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/wjss/article/view/239940
21. Thao, N. V., Purba, P. M., and Herman. (2021). Pragmatics Analysis on Commisive Speech Act in a Movie. European Journal of Humanities and Educational Advancements, Vo. 2, No. 7. Retrieved from: https://scholarzest.com/index.php/ejhea/article/view/1093
22. Thao, N. V.& Herman. (2021). An Analysis of Idiomatic Expressions Found in Ed Sheeran’s Selected Lyrics Songs. CENTRAL ASIAN JOURNAL OF LITERATURE, PHILOSOPHY AND CULTURE, 2(1), 12-18. Retrieved from http://cajlpc.centralasianstudies.org/index.php/CAJLPC/article/view/54
23. Umar, T. F. (2016) . The Analysis of Speech Act of President Joko Widodo at APEC Forum. Makassar(Sulawesi Selatan): ALAUDDIN STATE ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY MAKASSAR.
24. Usman, F. R., (2017). An Analysis Of Illocutionary Acts In Donald Trump’s Presidential Candidacy Speech. Makassar: Hasannudin University.
25. Wijana, I. (2021). On Speech Acts. Journal of Pragmatics Research, p. 3(1)

Bibliographic Information

Verify authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article as:

Sianturi, O., Saragih, Y. E., Sinaga, Y. K., & Herman. (2021). An Analysis of Speech Act Found in Bernie Sander’s Speech: A Pragmatics Case. International Journal of Culture and Modernity, 9, 105–114. Retrieved from http://ijcm.academicjournal.io/index.php/ijcm/article/view/86
  • Submitted
    30 October 2021
  • Revised
    30 October 2021
  • Published
    30 October 2021